Which condition is electroconvulsive therapy primarily used to treat?
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a medical treatment most commonly used in patients with severe major depression or bipolar disorder that has not responded to other treatments.
Which of the following indications is the primary use for ECT?
ECT should be considered for patients in the acute phase of major depressive disorder who have a history of treatment resistance (as defined by greater than two antidepressant trials), high degree of symptom severity, or who have psychotic symptoms.
For which disorder was electroconvulsive therapy ECT originally developed as a treatment?
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is used to treat patients with certain types of mental illness, including severe depression, severe mania, and catatonia. It was first developed in the late 1930s, with the first recorded treatments at McLean Hospital taking place in 1941.
Why does the administration of electroconvulsive?
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can provide rapid, significant improvements in severe symptoms of several mental health conditions. ECT is used to treat: Severe depression, particularly when accompanied by detachment from reality (psychosis), a desire to commit suicide or refusal to eat.
When is electroconvulsive therapy indicated?
ECT is indicated in patients with treatment-resistant depression or severe major depression that impairs activities of daily living. The definition of treatment-resistant depression is depression that is unresponsive to multiple antidepressant medication trials.
How does ECT help bipolar?
ECT involves sending an electric current through the brain to cause a controlled seizure. It isn’t entirely understood why the seizure is effective, but it’s thought that it eases the symptoms of bipolar disorder by changing the brain’s chemistry. Electroconvulsive therapy is performed in the hospital.
Is electroconvulsive therapy still used in Canada?
Despite protests calling for a ban on the treatment, electroshock therapy is frequently used by Canadian psychiatrists to treat severe depression.
What is interpersonal therapy used for?
The goals of interpersonal therapy (IPT) are to help you communicate better with others and address problems that contribute to your depression. Several studies found that IPT may be as effective as antidepressant medication for treating depression. Psychiatrists will sometimes use IPT together with medication.