What is Waterston classification?

What is Waterston classification?

Since 1962, the Waterston classification has been used to stratify neonates who have esophageal atresia (EA) and/or tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) into prognostic categories based on birth weight, the presence of pneumonia, and the identification of other congenital anomalies.

Can you live with esophageal atresia?

What is the prognosis (outlook) for babies with esophageal atresia? Many cases of esophageal atresia are treated successfully. In some cases, babies are able to eat about a week after surgery takes place. Complications of esophageal atresia such as GERD and scar tissue can cause long-term issues.

What are the types of esophageal atresia?

There are four types of esophageal atresia: Type A, Type B, Type C and Type D.

  • Type A is when the upper and lower parts of the esophagus do not connect and have closed ends.
  • Type B is very rare.
  • Type C is the most common type.
  • Type D is the rarest and most severe.

Which is the most common type of esophageal atresia classified by gross?

According to the system formulated by Gross, the types of esophageal atresia and their approximate incidence in all infants born with esophageal anomalies are as follows: Type A – Esophageal atresia without fistula or so-called pure esophageal atresia (10%) Type B – Esophageal atresia with proximal TEF (< 1%)

What is tracheoesophageal fistula?

Esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) is a condition resulting from abnormal development before birth of the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach (the esophagus ).

What is esophageal atresia caused by?

The exact cause of EA is still unknown, but it appears to have some genetic components. Up to half of all babies born with EA have one or more other birth defects, such as: trisomy 13, 18 or 21. other digestive tract problems, such intestinal atresia or imperforate anus.

What is the difference between esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula?

Esophageal atresia (EA) occurs when the upper part of the esophagus does not connect with the lower esophagus and stomach. Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is an abnormal connection between the upper part of the esophagus and the trachea or windpipe.