What is the main job of Congress quizlet?
To make laws is the primary job of Congress. ALL members of Congress MUST live in the state the elects them.
What is the role of Congress in the lawmaking process?
Congress creates and passes bills. The president then may sign those bills into law. Federal courts may review the laws to see if they agree with the Constitution.
Is gerrymandering unconstitutional?
The US Supreme Court has affirmed in Miller v. Johnson (1995) that racial gerrymandering is a violation of constitutional rights and upheld decisions against redistricting that is purposely devised based on race.
What is the main purpose of a congressional committee?
Committees are an essential part of the legislative process. Senate committees monitor on-going governmental operations, identify issues suitable for legislative review, gather and evaluate information, and recommend courses of action to the Senate.
What is the difference between partisan and bipartisan?
Bipartisanship (in the context of a two-party system) is the opposite of partisanship which is characterized by a lack of cooperation between rival political parties. This is the case if it involves bipartisan exchanges.
How do laws pass through Congress?
First, a representative sponsors a bill. The bill is then assigned to a committee for study. If released by the committee, the bill is put on a calendar to be voted on, debated or amended. If the bill passes by simple majority (218 of 435), the bill moves to the Senate.
What is partisan gerrymandering quizlet?
Partisan Gerrymandering. drawing a district to favor one political party over others. Racial Gerrymandering. drawing a district to favor one racial group over others. Reapportionment.
What does gerrymandering mean quizlet?
gerrymandering. The drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent.
What are the main functions of Congress?
Congress has the power to:
- Make laws.
- Declare war.
- Raise and provide public money and oversee its proper expenditure.
- Impeach and try federal officers.
- Approve presidential appointments.
- Approve treaties negotiated by the executive branch.
- Oversight and investigations.
How is the Senate different from the House of Representatives quizlet?
How does the Senate differ from the House? Senate members originally elected by state legislatures, House members originally elected by voters. There are 100 members in the senate, there are 435 voting members in the house. The senate is national leadership, while the house is local or narrow leadership.
Who creates gerrymandered?
In 25 states, the state legislature has primary responsibility for creating a redistricting plan, in many cases subject to approval by the state governor.
What are the three roles of Congress?
What parties are in Congress?
The Democratic and Republican parties are currently the primary parties in Congress. Learn more about political party divisions in the U.S. Senate.
Which branch of government has the power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional?
the judicial branch
What are some ways that political parties at the state level can gerrymander districts quizlet?
What are some ways that political parties at the state level can gerrymander districts? “Packing” a district means drawing the lines so they include as many of the opposing party’s voters as possible; this makes the remaining districts safe for the majority’s party candidates.
How do committees and party affiliation influence lawmaking in the House quizlet?
How do committees and party affiliation influence lawmaking in the House? Committees- allow members of Congress to divide their work among many smaller groups. Committees can kill bills, usually most bills don’t pass Committees. Party Affiliation- It makes people vote on party lines.
Which branch of government can make treaties?
The United States Constitution provides that the president “shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators present concur” (Article II, section 2).
What is the difference between partisan and racial gerrymandering quizlet?
Gerrymandering is drawing district lines for political advantage. Partisan gerrymandering does not violate federal court standards for “equal protection” under the 14th amendment. Affirmative racial gerrymandering is drawing district boundary lines to maximize minority representation.
How are the roles of the Senate majority leader and the Senate minority leader different quizlet?
Majority Leader controls bill flow to committees and to debating floor. 3. Minority leaders develop strategies to amend or oppose majority bills.
Which party started gerrymandering?
The word was created in reaction to a redrawing of Massachusetts state senate election districts under Governor Elbridge Gerry, later Vice President of the United States. Gerry, who personally disapproved of the practice, signed a bill that redistricted Massachusetts for the benefit of the Democratic-Republican Party.