What is the aim of Morley-Minto reforms 1909?
Complete answer step by step: The aim of the Morley-Minto Reforms which were introduced in the year 1909 was to extend the Provincial Assemblies in India. As a part of these reforms, the number of elected members in the Imperial Legislative Council and the Provincial Legislative Councils was increased drastically.
What is Minto Morley Act of 1909 Act or reform?
The Indian Councils Act 1909 (9 Edw. 7 Ch. 4), commonly known as the Morley–Minto or Minto–Morley Reforms, was an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that brought about a limited increase in the involvement of Indians in the governance of British India.
What were the terms of the Morley-Minto reforms?
The reforms included the admission of Indians to the Secretary of State’s council, to the viceroy’s executive council, and to the executive councils of Bombay and Madras, and the introduction of an elected element into legislative councils with provision for separate electorates for Muslims.
What are the features of 1909 Act?
It introduced a system of communal representation for Muslims by accepting the concept of a separate electorate’. Under this, the Muslim members were to be elected only by Muslim voters. Thus, the Act ‘legalised communalism’ and Lord Minto came to be known as the Father of Communal Electorate.
Who was Lord Morley in India?
John Morley, 1st Viscount Morley of Blackburn, OM, PC, FRS, FBA (24 December 1838 – 23 September 1923) was a British Liberal statesman, writer and newspaper editor….John Morley.
|The Right Honourable The Viscount Morley of Blackburn OM PC FRS FBA
|Secretary of State for India
What were the drawbacks of the Morley-Minto reforms?
Negative Impacts of Morley-Minto Reform The size of the councils was increased but their functions and powers were not enlarged. Although non-official majority was there in the Provincial Councils, the actual result was not much appreciable since non-official majority was nullified by the election of nominated members.
Why are the Morley-Minto reforms considered important?
The Morley-Minto Reforms became law in 1909 as the Indian Councils Act. The importance of the Councils, which were enlarged, was to ensure that Indian legislators were given a chance to express their opinions. The British also accepted the right of Muslims to have a separate electorate.
Who introduced Morley-Minto reforms?
Indian Councils Act of 1909, also called Morley-Minto Reforms, series of reform measures enacted in 1909 by the British Parliament, the main component of which directly introduced the elective principle to membership in the imperial and local legislative councils in India.
Who was Lord Morley 4 marks?
John Morley, 1st Viscount Morley of Blackburn, OM, PC, FRS, FBA (24 December 1838 – 23 September 1923) was a British Liberal statesman, writer and newspaper editor.