What is moral luck according to Nagel?

What is moral luck according to Nagel?

As Nagel defines it, “Where a significant aspect of what someone does depends on factors beyond his control, yet we continue to treat him in that respect as an object of moral judgment, it can be called moral luck” (Nagel 1979, 59).

What is motivating a person who acts from the good will?

What is motivating a person who acts from the good will? An understanding of what is morally required.

What is new materialism theory?

Seeking to move beyond the constructivist-essentialist impasse, new materialism assumes a theoretical position that deems the polarized positions of a postmodernist constructivism and positivist scientific materialism as untenable; instead, it endeavors to account for, in Baradian idiom, the co-constitutive “intra- …

What is the philosophy of materialism?

Materialism, also called physicalism, in philosophy, the view that all facts (including facts about the human mind and will and the course of human history) are causally dependent upon physical processes, or even reducible to them.

Is Agent regret rational?

Tannenbaum and Raz reach similar conclusions. They argue that agent-regret is rational insofar as it involves an agent’s pained awareness that her actions successfully live up to or express their own values or sense of themselves. Agent-regret then becomes, if not personal regret, a kind of disappointment with oneself.

Is materialism the same as Physicalism?

Materialism is a form of philosophical monism that holds that matter is the fundamental substance in nature, and that all things, including mental states and consciousness, are results of material interactions. Materialism is closely related to physicalism—the view that all that exists is ultimately physical.

What is moral luck quizlet?

Moral Luck. Treating people as objects of moral judgement (i.e. giving them moral praise or blame) even when what they do depends on factors out of their control.

What is Agent regret?

Agent regret is a species of regret a person can feel only towards his or her own actions. It involves a “taking on” of the responsibility for some action and the desire to make amends for it. Williams’ example is of a lorry driver who “through no fault of his” runs over a small child (Williams, 1993a, p. 43).

What do you mean by Karl Marx historical materialism?

This was first articulated by Karl Marx (1818–1883) as the “materialist conception of history”. Historical materialism looks for the causes of developments and changes in human society in the means by which humans collectively produce the necessities of life.

Does moral luck exist?

Moral luck occurs when factors beyond an agent’s control positively affect how much praise or blame she deserves. Many philosophers accept the existence of some of these kinds of moral luck but not others, because, in their view, the existence of only some of them would make morality unfair.

What are the four types of moral luck?

Four types of moral luck

  • Resultant moral luck (consequential)
  • Circumstantial moral luck.
  • Constitutive moral luck.
  • Causal moral luck.
  • Encyclopedias.

Why is Physicalism true?

Physicalism is a contingent thesis, taken as true on the basis of strong inductive evidence and an inference-to-the-best-explanation that specifies it as the best theory over any of its competitors to provide an ontological account of the universe.