What is ethnic based conflict?
An ethnic conflict is a conflict between two or more contending ethnic groups. While the source of the conflict may be political, social, economic or religious, the individuals in conflict must expressly fight for their ethnic group’s position within society.
What role does ethnicity play in conflict?
It is thus made clear that ethnicity and Page 3 3 ethnic identity play an important role in conflicts of that kind, as they can provide a power that is capable of arising passion and nationalistic feelings which thereof are used by elites for pursuing territorial and political power.
What are the four types of ethnic group?
But in the 1990s, the term “minority” usually refers to four major racial and ethnic groups: African Americans, American Indians and Alaska Natives, Asians and Pacific Islanders, and Hispanics. This transformation of America’s racial and ethnic profile is most visible in certain states and communities.
Which country has a history of the most ethnic conflict?
The African country of Rwanda has a long history of ethnic conflict. The most horrific display of violence occurred from April to July of 1994, between two of Rwanda’s ethnic groups: the Tutsi and the Hutu. The Rwandan Genocide, as it came to be known, was one of the bloodiest ethnic conflicts in history.
What is inter ethnic conflict?
Abstract. Ethnic, or interethnic, conflict refers to disputes between contending groups who identify themselves primarily on the basis of ethnic criteria and who make group claims to resources on the basis of their collective rights.
What does conflict based on region known as?
Conflict based on region – Regionalism.
What are the causes of ethnic conflict in Africa?
Causes of Conflicts in Africa Conflicts in Africa may be said to have been caused by a multiplicity of factors such as: arbitrary borders created by the colonial powers, heterogeneous ethnic composition of African states, inept political leadership, corruption, negative effect of external debt burden and poverty.
What are the different types of ethnicity?
Definitions for Racial and Ethnic Categories
- American Indian or Alaska Native.
- Black or African American.
- Hispanic or Latino.
- Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.
What are the three types of ethnic conflict?
Much ethnic conflict is territorially based. From a geographical perspective, ethnic conflict can be viewed at three scales – the interstate, the intrastate, and the predominantly micro-urban level. However, conflicts at these scales are intimately connected and interact with each other.
What is the origin of ethnic conflict?
Additionally, the origin of ethnic conflict is often closely associated with social status. In Ethnic Groups in Conflict, Donald Horowitz categorizes the societal precursor to ethnic conflict into two separate systems, an unranked societal system and a ranked system (26).
Are ethnicities related to spatial conflicts?
The main perspective advanced here is that the construction and evolution of ethnic identities are closely related to spatial conflicts. Hence, the very nature of ethnicity cannot be fathomed without ‘opening up’ its underlying geographical and political foundations.
What is the effect of ethnic conflict on society?
In severe ethnic conflicts, a host of self-serving devices may be used to diminish greater appreciation for the standards, values, beliefs, and customs of what takes place with other people, as in the use of foreign currency or exposure to alien territory.