What is a hemothorax in medical terms?

What is a hemothorax in medical terms?

Hemothorax is a collection of blood in the space between the chest wall and the lung (the pleural cavity).

How do you drain a hemothorax?

The most important treatment for hemothorax is draining the blood out of your chest cavity. Your doctor will likely put a tube through your chest muscles and tissues, through your ribs, and into your chest cavity to drain any pooled blood, fluid, or air. This is called a thoracentesis or thoracostomy.

What causes a haemothorax?

By far the most common cause of hemothorax is trauma. Penetrating injuries of the lungs, heart, great vessels, or chest wall are obvious causes of hemothorax; they may be accidental, deliberate, or iatrogenic in origin.

What type of drainage would you see with a hemothorax?

The treatment for a pneumothorax or hemothorax is chest drainage. Chest drainage is accomplished by inserting a tube (called a Chest Tube), into the pleural space outside the lung. The tube is connected to a special drainage collection chamber called a Chest Drainage Unit.

What is the difference between hemothorax and pneumothorax?

Pneumothorax, which is also known as a collapsed lung, happens when there is air outside the lung, in the space between the lung and the chest cavity. Hemothorax occurs when there is blood in that same space.

What is the difference between pleural effusion and hemothorax?

A hemothorax (plural: hemothoraces), or rarely hematothorax, literally means blood within the chest, is a term usually used to describe a pleural effusion due to accumulation of blood. If a hemothorax occurs concurrently with a pneumothorax it is then termed a hemopneumothorax.

How can you tell the difference between pleural effusion and hemothorax?

Chest-computed tomography with contrast may delineate the injured vessel and presence of hematocrit sign. High attenuation of pleural fluid in CT chest (Hounsfield unit [HU] of >15.6) can differentiate hemothorax from pleural effusions and empyema with excellent accuracy.

How do you treat hemothorax EMS?

Treatment of a hemothorax includes supportive care, high-flow oxygen, two large-bore intravenous (IV) lines, and transport. Keep in mind, a needle decompression of a hemothorax is an absolute contraindication.

How much blood can be lost with a hemothorax?

Hemothoraces can lead to significant blood loss – each half of the thorax can hold more than 1500 milliliters of blood, representing more than 25% of an average adult’s total blood volume.

Is a hemothorax a collapsed lung?

Hemopneumothorax is a combination of two medical conditions: pneumothorax and hemothorax. Pneumothorax, which is also known as a collapsed lung, happens when there is air outside the lung, in the space between the lung and the chest cavity. Hemothorax occurs when there is blood in that same space.

How much blood is in a hemothorax?