What has Indonesia done for climate change?
Recognizing the domestic and international importance of its tropical landscape and the people in it, the Indonesian government has made encouraging decisions; it has voluntarily committed to a minimum 26% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and developed a strategy for land use and forestry emissions.
How do forests help play a role in climate change?
Standing forests also address the impacts of climate change. They absorb greenhouse gases, regulate water flows and protect coastal communities from extreme events and sea level rise. In addition, they provide migrating plant and animal species routes to resilient habitats.
What is Indonesia doing for the environment?
Government policies The Indonesian government has voluntarily committed to a minimum 26 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and by 29 percent by 2030.
How does forest fires affect climate change?
As a driver of climate change, wildfires release huge quantities of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. In British Columbia, extreme fire years in 2017 and 2018 each produced three times more greenhouse gases than all other sectors of the province combined.
How is the climate in Indonesia?
Indonesia’s climate is largely hot and humid, with rainfall occurring mostly in low-lying areas and mountainous regions experiencing cooler temperatures. The cities of Jakarta, Ujung Padang, Medan, Padang, and Balikpapan have an average minimum temperature of 22.8°C and a high of 30.2°C.
What is the natural environment of Indonesia?
The environment of Indonesia consists of 17,508 islands scattered over both sides of the equator. Indonesia’s size, tropical climate, and archipelagic geography, support the world’s second highest level of biodiversity after Brazil.
How is Indonesia affected by deforestation?
Rapid and increasing deforestation harms Indonesia’s broad biodiversity and drives Indonesia’s greenhouse gas emissions, which are among the world’s highest. The conversion and burning of peat soils causes severe air pollution, presenting major public health harms.
What are the main causes of deforestation in Indonesia?
Large-scale agriculture, primarily for growing oil palms, remains a major cause of deforestation in Indonesia, but its impact has diminished proportionately in recent years as other natural and human causes emerge, a new Duke University study finds.
How do forest fires affect the hydrosphere?
Vegetation that holds soil in place and retains water is burned away. In the aftermath of a large wildfire, rainstorms flush vast quantities of ash, sediment, nutrients and contaminants into streams, rivers, and downstream reservoirs.
How has climate change impacted Indonesia?
The impacts of climate change in Indonesia include, but are not limited to: temperature increase, intense rainfall, a rise in sea-level, and a threat to food security.