What causes cellulitis of the lower leg?
Cellulitis occurs when bacteria, most commonly streptococcus and staphylococcus, enter through a crack or break in your skin. The incidence of a more serious staphylococcus infection called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is increasing.
How do you treat cellulitis in the lower leg?
How is cellulitis treated?
- Oral, intramuscular (injection), or intravenous (IV) antibiotics.
- Cool, wet dressings on the infection site.
- Keeping the area dry and clean.
- If your arm or leg is affected, elevating the arm or leg may help.
- Time to heal.
- Topical antibiotics.
What does cellulitis look like on the lower leg?
Cellulitis initially appears as pink-to-red minimally inflamed skin. The involved area may rapidly become deeper red, swollen, warm, and tender and increase in size as the infection spreads. Occasionally, red streaks may radiate outward from the cellulitis. Blisters or pus-filled bumps may also be present.
How long does it take for cellulitis to clear up?
It often develops on areas of the body with edema (swelling/poor circulation), the site of an injury, the site of a surgery, or around an active skin rash. With proper treatment and care, small patches of cellulitis can heal in around five or seven days.
What does cellulitis look like when it starts?
In general, cellulitis appears as a red, swollen, and painful area of skin that is warm and tender to the touch. The skin may look pitted, like the peel of an orange, or blisters may appear on the affected skin. Some people may also develop fever and chills.
What’s the best antibiotic for cellulitis?
Normal skin can develop cellulitis, but it usually occurs when bacteria enters an open wound. The best antibiotic to treat cellulitis include dicloxacillin, cephalexin, trimethoprim with sulfamethoxazole, clindamycin, or doxycycline antibiotics.
Is Soaking in Epsom salt good for cellulitis?
Treatment usually includes oral antibiotics to treat the underlying bacterial infection, but sometimes intravenous antibiotics may be necessary with severe infections. Your child’s doctor may also advise you to soak the wound in an epsom salt bath and to have your child rest.