How does modernization theory explain underdevelopment?
Modernization and dependency theories are two attempts to explain the current state of underdevelopment in the world today. Modernization theory maintains that there is a ‘traditional’ element of society that prevents development, and that a relationship to the developed world is necessary for development.
What are the features of modernization?
9 Most Important Characteristics of Modernisation
- Application of technology and mechanisation:
- Rise in national and per capital Income:
- Increase in Literacy:
- Political participation:
- 7. Development of Mass-Media techniques:
- Social Mobility:
What are the problems of modernization?
Two current problems which exist in the developing world today are political instability and rapid urbanization. Political instability causes economic problems in places such as Africa, and South America, where many governments are being overthrown.
Who gave dependency theory?
Dependency Theory developed in the late 1950s under the guidance of the Director of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America, Raul Prebisch.
What are the principles of modernization theory?
Although there are many versions of modernization theory, major implicit or explicit tenets are that (1) societies develop through a series of evolutionary stages; (2) these stages are based on different degrees and patterns of social differentiation and reintegration of structural and cultural components that are …
What are the positive and negative effects of modernization?
Modernization brings technology that consumes energy and leads to such things as air pollution and climate change. Another negative effect is (arguably) on our society. Modernization breaks up the social ties that bound people together in traditional societies.
What are the factors affecting modernization?
The factors which facilitated and accelerated the process of modernization are : the achievements in the field of science and technology, rapid growth of industrialisation and urbanisation, the rationalization of social life, the emergence of a rational outlook in every walk of life, rapid development of mass phenomena …
What is the modernization process?
Modernization is the current term for an old process—the process of social change whereby less developed societies acquire characteristics common to more developed societies. The process is activated by international, or intersocietal, communication.