How do you perform dual luciferase assay?
The dual luciferase assay is performed by sequentially measuring the firefly and Renilla luciferase activities of the same sample, with the results expressed as the ratio of firefly to Renilla luciferase activity (Fluc/Rluc).
What is dual luciferase reporter assay system?
The Dual-Luciferase® Reporter (DLR™) Assay System provides an efficient means of performing two reporter assays. In the DLR™ Assay, the activities of firefly (Photinus pyralis) and Renilla (Renilla reniformis or sea pansy) luciferases are measured sequentially from a single sample.
How does luciferase reporter assay work?
A Luciferase Reporter Assay. When this protein activates transcription, the cell will produce luciferase enzyme. After the addition of a lysis buffer and a substrate, a luminometer quantifies the luciferase activity. If your protein activates the expression of the target gene, the amount of signal produced increases.
How does a reporter gene work?
Reporter genes are genes whose products can be readily assayed subsequent to transfection, and can be used as markers for screening successfully transfected cells, for studying regulation of gene expression, or serve as controls for standardizing transfection efficiencies.
How does luciferase reaction work?
Luciferase is an enzyme. An enzyme is a chemical (called a catalyst) that interacts with a substrate to affect the rate of a chemical reaction. The interaction of the luciferase with oxidized (oxygen-added) luciferin creates a byproduct, called oxyluciferin. More importantly, the chemical reaction creates light.
How does Renilla luciferase work?
Renilla luciferase, a monomeric 36kDa protein, catalyzes coelenterate-luciferin (coelenterazine) oxidation to produce light (3; Figure 1). Post-translational modification is not required for its activity, and the enzyme may function as a genetic reporter immediately following translation.
How is luciferase measured?
Cell debris is removed by microcentrifugation and luciferase activity is measured using a luminometer. Some luminometers directly inject the reagents into the cell lysate. Such automation allows the signal to be measured at a precise time following injection, which can increase the consistency of the results.
What do reporter assays do?
Reporter gene assays are typically used to measure the regulatory ability of an unknown DNA-sequence. This is done by linking the unknown promoter sequence to an easily detectable reporter gene whose product can be easily detected and quantifiably measured.