How do I write to a file in OCaml?

How do I write to a file in OCaml?

For writing into a file, you would do this:

  1. Open the file to obtain an out_channel.
  2. Write to the channel.
  3. If you want to force writing to the physical device, you must flush the channel, otherwise writing will not take place immediately.
  4. When you are done, you can close the channel. This flushes the channel automatically.

How do I open an OCaml file?

Starting OCaml

  1. In a terminal window, type utop to start the interactive OCaml session, commonly called the toplevel.
  2. Press Control-D to exit the toplevel. You can also enter #quit;; and press return. Note that you must type the # there: it is in addition to the # prompt you already see.

What is some in OCaml?

Some is a constructor of the option type. The definition is roughly: type ‘a option = Some of ‘a | None. Which means that it either holds a value of some unspecified ( ‘a ) type ( Some ) or it is empty ( None ). So Some 10 is an int option , the Some true is a bool option and the Some “ok” is a string option .

What are Functors in OCaml?

A functor is a module that is parametrized by another module, just like a function is a value which is parametrized by other values, the arguments. It allows one to parametrize a type by a value, which is not possible directly in OCaml without functors.

Does OCaml run on Windows?

Windows. Under Windows, the following direct solutions are available to use OCaml: OCaml for Windows provides an experimental OPAM repository and opam build for Windows.

How does MOD work in OCaml?

Using the OCaml toplevel system….Basic Expressions and Types.

Operator Meaning
mod take two ints and return their integer remainder
>,>=,<,<= take two ints (or two floats) and return their comparison
= take two values and return whether they are equal
^ take two strings and return their concatenation into a new string

How do I return something to OCaml?

OCaml doesn’t have a return keyword — the last expression in a function becomes the result of the function automatically.

Does OCaml have null?

OCaml does not have the concept on null (in any way similar to Java or C), so it does not have to deal with it. In OCaml it is idiomatic to use Option type to represent a value that can be either missing ( None ) or contain some value ( Some x ) .

What is match in OCaml?

Pattern matching comes up in several places in OCaml: as a powerful control structure combining a multi-armed conditional, unification, data destructuring and variable binding; as a shortcut way of defining functions by case analysis; and as a way of handling exceptions.